Advanced Computing in the Age of AI | Tuesday, September 26, 2023

An Overnight Sensation, 30 Years in the Making: The Parallel Paths of AI and Quantum Computing 

In the world of technology, overnight sensations are rarely born overnight. They are the result of decades of research, development, and perseverance. The recent success of chatGPT, a state-of-the-art language model, is a prime example of this phenomenon. It has turned heads with its capabilities, but the road to this breakthrough was long and winding. This story of gradual progress leading to sudden recognition has a striking parallel in the field of quantum computing, a technology that could soon have its own "GPT moment."

The Rise of AI: A Slow Burn to Success

The development of AI, particularly deep learning models like ChatGPT, has been a journey decades in the making. The development of ChatGPT has roots in the early artificial neural networks of the 1950s and 1960s. The rise of deep learning in the 1980s and 1990s, including the creation of backpropagation algorithms, set the stage for more advanced models.

Before OpenAI's formation in 2015, significant progress in natural language processing laid the groundwork for sophisticated language models. Innovations like Word2Vec and attention mechanisms were pivotal.

OpenAI's GPT series, starting with the first GPT model in 2018, built upon these foundations. Subsequent iterations like GPT-2 and GPT-3 expanded the architecture, leading to the current state-of-the-art ChatGPT.

Quantum Computing: Getting Closer to a Breakthrough

Quantum computing is getting closer to a significant breakthrough, as the progress made in recent years is remarkable.

Some of the things that quantum computers can do today seemed unimaginable just a few short years ago. Quantum computers are still in their early stages of development, but they have already achieved some remarkable things that were unimaginable a few years ago. For example:

  • In 2019, Google announced that its Sycamore quantum computer had solved a problem that would have taken a classical computer 10,000 years to solve. This was a major milestone for quantum computing, and it showed that quantum computers can solve problems that are far beyond the reach of classical computers.
  • In 2021, researchers at the University of Science and Technology of China used a quantum computer to simulate the behavior of a molecule of hydrogen fluoride. This was the first time that a quantum computer had been used to simulate a molecule with more than two atoms.
  • In 2022, researchers at the University of Toronto used a quantum computer to develop a new algorithm for machine learning. This algorithm is more efficient than traditional machine learning algorithms, and it could revolutionize the way that we use machine learning to solve problems.

The trajectory of quantum computing shares a similar path with AI, and the field is ripe for innovation and discovery. Just as ChatGPT revolutionized natural language processing, a breakthrough in quantum computing could redefine the landscape of computation. The journey has been long, but the quantum "GPT moment" may be closer than we think, and the potential impact could be profound.

The Panic of Unpreparedness

The sudden success of ChatGPT caught many organizations off guard. They found themselves unprepared, lacking the relevant people, processes, and expertise to leverage this new technology.
A similar scenario could unfold with quantum computing. When the quantum GPT moment arrives, organizations may panic, realizing they lack the infrastructure and expertise to harness the power of quantum technology.

Preparing for the Quantum Future

So, what should companies do to avoid being caught off guard? Here's a roadmap:

  • Educate and Train: Invest in education and training to build a workforce skilled in quantum computing. This includes not only technical training but also fostering a culture of continuous learning.
  • Collaborate and Partner: Collaborate with academia, research institutions, and industry leaders. Partnerships can accelerate innovation and provide access to cutting-edge technology.
  • Invest in Research and Development: Dedicate resources to research and development. Experimentation and innovation are key to staying ahead of the curve.
  • Develop a Strategic Roadmap: Create a clear and strategic roadmap for integrating quantum computing into the business. This includes understanding the potential applications and aligning them with business goals.
  • Embrace Ethical Considerations: Quantum computing, like AI, raises ethical considerations. Organizations must be mindful of the social and ethical implications of the technology.


The story of ChatGPT's success is a reminder that "overnight sensations" are often the result of years of hard work and dedication. It's a lesson that applies equally to quantum computing.

As we stand on the cusp of a quantum revolution, organizations must take proactive steps to prepare. The quantum GPT moment may be closer than we think, and those who are prepared will be best positioned to seize the opportunities it presents.

In the words of the great scientist Isaac Newton, "If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants." The giants of AI have paved the way, and the giants of quantum computing are poised to take the next leap. The future is bright, and the possibilities are limitless. But preparation, foresight, and a commitment to innovation will be key to unlocking the potential of this exciting frontier.

About the Author

Yuval Boger is the CMO of QuEra, the leader in neutral atom quantum computers. In his career, he has served as CEO and CMO of frontier-tech companies in markets including quantum computing software, wireless power, and virtual reality. His "Superposition Guy's Podcast" hosts CEOs and other thought leaders in quantum computing, quantum sensing, and quantum communications to discuss business and technical aspects that impact the quantum ecosystem.